Built by the Eisenhower Foundation, with funds raised through public gifts, the Museum is constructed of Kansas limestone, quarried from Onaga Stone in Onaga, Kansas. Originally dedicated on Veterans Day in 1954, the Museum was built to honor all veterans of World War II and Abilene's hometown hero, General Dwight D. Eisenhower.
The museum was enlarged and rededicated in 1971, to recognize Eisenhower's life and achievements as President and to complement the archives housed in the Library. It contains over 30,000 square feet of gallery space, with exhibits showing not only the fine art objects collected by and given to Eisenhower but also the life and times of General and President of the United States Dwight D. Eisenhower.
The Museum is divided into five major galleries consisting of an introductory gallery, a changing exhibits gallery, a First Lady's gallery, a military gallery, and a presidential gallery. Of special interest and importance is the changing exhibits gallery. A different exhibit is presented periodically so that repeat visitors can always experience something new.