Ardennes Campaign: Battle of the Bulge

About the Battle of the Bulge


In late December 1944 German forces staged a massive drive to recapture lost areas in the Ardennes region of Belgium, France and Luxembourg and turn the tide of the war. Ultimately unsuccessful, the offensive lasted from December 16, 1944 to January 25, 1945 when the Allies won a decisive victory in the campaign. Although it became known as the Battle of the Bulge the Allies officially called this the Ardennes Counteroffensive.
  1. Documents
  2. Oral History
  3. Photographs
  4. Secondary Sources
  5. Additional Information
21 Army Group General Situation (PDF), December 16, 1944 [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 83, Montgomery 11; NAID Number 12125645]

Cable, Dwight D. Eisenhower to Bernard Montgomery, December 19, 1944 (PDF) [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 83, Montgomery 11; NAID Number 12125646]

Cable, General Dwight D. Eisenhower to General Omar Bradley Regarding Protection of Meuse River Bridges, December 19, 1944 (PDF) [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 13, Bradley, Omar 5; NAID Number 12117241]

Telephone Conversation with General Bradley, December 21, 1944 (PDF) [Harold R. Bull Papers, Box 2, Additional Papers, 1944-1948; NAID Number 12113396]

Cable, Bernard Montgomery to Dwight D. Eisenhower, December 21, 1944 (PDF) [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 83, Montgomery, 11; NAID Number 12125649]

Outgoing Message to Every Member of the Allied Expeditionary Force, December 22, 1944 (PDF) [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 148, Messages to Officers and Men-Allied Expeditionary Force (A.E.F.) 1943-1948; NAID Number 12126643]

Cable, Dwight D. Eisenhower to Bernard Montgomery, December 22, 1944 (PDF) [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 83, Montgomery, 11; NAID Number 12125650]

Cable, Bernard Montgomery to Dwight D. Eisenhower, December 23, 1944 (PDF) [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 83, Montgomery, 11; NAID Number 12125651]

Cable, Bernard Montgomery to Dwight D. Eisenhower, December 24, 1944 (PDF) [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 83, Montgomery, 11; NAID Number 12125656]

Diary Entry, December 24, 1944 (PDF) [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 169, Butcher's Diary - October 16 - December 31, 1944 (4); NAID Number 12126625]

Cable, Bernard Montgomery to Dwight D. Eisenhower, December 25, 1944 (PDF) [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 83, Montgomery, 11; NAID Number 12125674]

Cable, Bernard Montgomery to Dwight D. Eisenhower, December 26, 1944 (PDF) [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 83, Montgomery, 11; NAID Number 12125681]

Letter, Bernard Montgomery to Dwight D. Eisenhower Re Operational Control of the 12 and 21 Army Groups, December 29, 1944 (PDF) [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 83, Montgomery, 11; NAID Number 12125686]

Outline Plan of Operations, December 31, 1944 (PDF) [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 83, Montgomery, 11; NAID Number 12125699]

Letter, Dwight D. Eisenhower to Bernard Montgomery Re Montgomery's Outline Plan of Operations, December 31, 1944 (PDF) [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 83, Montgomery, 11; NAID Number 12125692]

Diary Entry, December 31, 1944 (PDF) [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 169, Butcher's Diary - October 16 - December 31, 1944 (4); NAID Number 12126626]

Cable, Bernard Montgomery to Dwight D. Eisenhower, January 2, 1945 (PDF) [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 83, Montgomery, 10; NAID Number 12125642]

Diary Entry, January 7, 1945 (PDF) [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 169, Butcher's Diary - January 1 - January 28, 1945 (1); NAID Number 12126630]

Letter, Bernard Montgomery to Omar Bradley, January 12, 1945 (PDF) [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 83, Montgomery, 10; NAID Number 12125643]

Letter, Dwight D. Eisenhower to George C. Marshall, January 12, 1945 (PDF) [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 80, Marshall, George C. (7); NAID Number 12123688]

Diary Entry, January 14, 1945 (PDF) [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 169, Butcher's Diary - January 1 - January 28, 1945 (2); NAID Number 12126633]

Cable, Bernard Montgomery to Dwight D. Eisenhower Re Conclusion of Ardennes Campaign, January 16, 1945 (PDF) [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 83, Montgomery, 10; NAID Number 12125644]

Letter, Major General J. Lawton Collins to Major General James L. Collins, January 16, 1945 (PDF) [J. Lawton Collins Papers, Box 3, 201 File-Personal Letter File-1945 (4); NAID Number 12113405]

Diary Entry, January 21, 1945 (PDF) [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 169, Butcher's Diary, January 1 - January 28, 1945 (3); NAID Number 12126636]

Ardennes: Translation of Written Questions Answered by Generaloberst Alfred Jodl and Approved by General Feldmarschall Wilhelm Keitel, July 20, 1945 (PDF) [Walter Bedell Smith Collection of World War II Documents, Box 41, Interviews with High-Ranking German 2; NAID Number 12130736]

Ardennes Counteroffensive: Additional Interview with Generaloberst Alfred Jodl, July 26, 1945 (PDF) [Walter Bedell Smith Collection of World War II Documents, Box 41, Interviews with High-Ranking German 2; NAID Number 12130740]

Battle of the Ardennes: Interview with Lieutenant Colonel Otto Skorzeny, August 12, 1945 (PDF) [Walter Bedell Smith Collection of World War II Documents, Box 41, Interviews with High-Ranking German 3; NAID Number 12130741]

"The Ardennes Campaign" by General Courtney H. Hodges, 1946 (PDF) [Courtney H. Hodges Papers, Box 9, 1946 Ardennes Campaign; NAID Number 12126303]

Letter, H.R. Bull to Hanson Baldwin, September 12, 1946 (PDF) [Harold R. Bull Papers, Box 2, Additional Papers, 1944-1948; NAID Number 12113394]

Memorandum for the Chief of Staff, September 12, 1946 (PDF) [Harold R. Bull Papers, Box 2, Additional Papers, 1944-1948; NAID Number 12113395]